International Breeders' Meeting
INTERNATIONAL COLLATING CENTRE
Animal Health Trust
Information Exchange on Infectious Equine Disease
Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU, England
Telephone: + 44 (0) 1638 555399
Fax: + 44 (0) 1638 555659
PLEASE CONTACT RICHARD NEWTON OR MAIRE O'BRIEN ON THE ABOVE NUMBER, OR E-MAIL
firstname.lastname@example.org TO SUBMIT REPORTING INFORMATION
Interim Report – December 2014 #1 (04.12.14)
Equine Herpes Virus-4 (EHV-4) Respiratory Disease
On 24th November 2014, an outbreak of EHV-4 respiratory disease was reported in Houte-Garonne, France by Réseau d’Epidémio-Surveillance en Pathologie Equine (RESPE). The affected horse was a four- year-old French saddle mare presented with nasal discharge and fever for the preceding four days. The positive diagnosis was made by qPCR on nasopharyngeal swabs by the Frank Duncombe Laboratory, France. There are another 25 horses at the premises of which none has developed clinical signs of disease to date.
Equine Infectious Anaemia (EIA)
On 4th December 2014, the Centro di Referenza Nazionale per Anemia Infettiva Equina (CRAIE) reported that between 4th November and 1st December 2014, three new EIA infections have been confirmed in Italy. All infections were detected for the first time on premises in Lazio (two positives) and Puglia (one positive).
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE)
As of 3rd December 2014, the number of confirmed equine cases of EEE in the USA stands at 139. The disease has been reported in 16 states. Respective case totals for individual states are as follows: Alabama (five), Florida (58), Georgia (six), Louisiana (12), Maine (one), Massachusetts (two), Michigan (six), Mississippi (one), New Hampshire (three), New Jersey (three), New York (12), North Carolina (12), Ohio (five), South Carolina (seven), Texas (five) and Virginia (one).
Vesicular Stomatitis (VS):
As of 3rd December 2014, the number of VS virus-positive premises in the US has increased by three, reaching a national total of 432, all caused by the New Jersey serotype of the virus. Three additional premises have been identified in Colorado, bringing that states total to 369. The number of affected premises in Texas remains at 62, with one positive premises in Nebraska. The disease has been confirmed in 17 counties in Colorado, 13 in Texas and one in Nebraska. Of the overall total, 402 have been positive equine premises, 27 positive bovine premises and three have involved both equines and bovines. The current total of VS virus-positive equines is 494 in Colorado and 89 in Texas. Some 21 premises in Colorado are under a 21-day countdown to quarantine release.
West Nile Encephalitis (WNE):
As of 3rd December 2014, the number of equine cases of WNE in the USA has reached 140, with cases of the disease reported by 34 states. Respective case totals for affected states are as follows: Alabama (one), Arizona (six), Arkansas (one), California (14), Colorado (four), Florida (five), Idaho (five), Illinois (one), Indiana (one), Iowa (five), Kentucky (four), Louisiana (one), Maryland (one), Michigan (one), Minnesota (two), Mississippi (two), Missouri (10), Montana (four), Nevada (two), New Mexico (five), New York (one), North Carolina (one), North Dakota (four), Ohio (one), Oklahoma (14), Oregon (two), Pennsylvania (one), South Dakota (one), Texas (22), Utah (four), Virginia (three), Washington (five), Wisconsin (two), Wyoming (four).
International Collating Centre
International Collating Centre