SUMMARY - NATIONAL GLANDERS ERADICATION PROJECT, TURKEY 2000 - 2001
A well planned, executed and documented National Glanders Eradication Project, carried out by Veterinary personnel from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs together with input from the internationally recognised Ankara based, Etlik Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, was completed in March 2001.
Following planning, personnel training, national pre-publicity, nationwide equidae surveillance and an initial trial project, the US $4million budgeted project commenced with a national co-ordination programme in January 2000, with testing beginning in August 2000 and completion in March 2001.
GLANDERS CF TESTING
Blood samples were collected from all registered Thoroughbred and Arabian racing and breeding stock, plus other competition horses.
The full total of 7,498 registered horses, were, as expected from previous surveillance and testing programmes, negative to the CF test for Glanders.
Mallein tests were carried out on all other horses and mules in the country. All donkeys were subjected to clinical examinations.
From a total of 235,286 horses and mules, 3,509 (1.49%) gave positive results and were destroyed, with the owners being compensated.
Areas where positives were found were kept under surveillance, equidae transport prohibited and re-testing carried out after the prescribed time, where it was necessary.
No clinical cases of Glanders were observed in any of the horses and mules tested.
One donkey from a total of 269,115 examined was showing clinical signs of Glanders and was likewise destroyed and compensation paid.
All equidae which were negative to the CF and Mallein tests, and after any required regional follow-up, have been provided with a Glanders Health Certificate, so that surveillance of equidae movements can be maintained.
SUMMARY MALLEIN TEST PROJECT
Demographic distribution of all equidae examined and tested, plus positive cases, are available in the published report, concerning all matters related to the project, which has been forwarded to the EU Veterinary Commission.
In association with the Glanders project, the situation concerning Dourine, African Horse Sickness and other communicable equidae diseases in Turkey we, or will be, assessed. These surveys are being carried out, even though Dourine has not been recorded in Turkey in recent times and African Horse Sickness, not for over 30 years.
NATIONAL SERUM BANK
A random blood sampling of 3,164 regional equidae, plus the samples from the 7,498 registered horses, has been held in the Serum Bank, for current and future testing.
Blood samples were collected for all active Government and Provincial breeding stallions. Of the 311 samples, to date only 56 have been tested and all were negative. The remaining samples, as at the end of March, were being tested and results will be available shortly.
AFRICAN HORSE SICKNESS
Blood samples (958) were randomly collected from Donkeys in the 15 Eastern and South Eastern Provinces, which border areas of unknown equidae health status. These samples will be subjected to tests for African Horse Sickness and results should be available shortly.
Now that equidae demographic figures are well recorded, all personnel resources for equidae disease surveillance, plus movement controls in place, and a newly budgeted project for equidae disease surveillance has been prepared, periodic surveys, plus future export testing requirements for the presence of known equidae communicable diseases, will be maintained.