Interim ICC Report – February 2019 #16 (26.02.19)
Interim ICC Report – February 2019 #16 (26.02.19) – report from Belgium on EHV-1 Respiratory Infection, Germany on Equine Influenza, France on EHV-4 Respiratory Infection & UK on Equine Influenza & EHV-1 Abortion
Equine Hepres Virus-1 (EHV-1) Respiratory Infection
On 22 February 2019, EFPB reported a case of EHV-1 on a premises in Antwerp. The affected horse was unvaccinayed and presented with coughing, lymphadenopathy, nasal discharge and pyrexia. The positive diagnosis was confrimed by PCR on a nasal swab. The are other horses on the premises demonstrating clinical signs.
Equine Herpes Virus-4 (EHV-4) Respiratory Infection
On 26 February 2019, RESPE reported four separate outbreaks of EHV-4 respiratory infection. The first involved a single case on a premises in Ille-et-Vilaine. The second involved a single case on a premises in Orne. The third was a single case on a premises in Loiret. The affected horse was a five-year-old Pony that presented with coughing and nasal discharge. There is one in-contact. The fourth outbreak is on a separate premises in Loiret. The affected horse is a three-year-old French Saddlebred that presented with coughing and nasal discharge. There are two other horses displaying clinical signs among a group of 40. For all, positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs.
Equine Influenza (EI)
On 25 February 2019, Labor Dr. Böse GmbH reported three separate outbreaks of EI. The first two are on premises in the federal state of Niedersachsen. The first case is vaccinated and presented with pyrexia. The second case has an unreported vaccination status and presented with coughng and pyrexia. The third outbreak is in the federal state of Nordrhein Westfalen. One unvaccinated yearling presented with dyspneoa, pyrexia and purulent nasal discharge. For all, positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasal swabs by Labor Dr. Böse GmbH.
Equine Influenza (EI)
On 25 February 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Derbyshire. The affected horse was an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred, recently imported from Ireland. The day after arrival it presented with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. There are 10 in-contacts, of which around three are vaccinated and will also be booster vaccinated. There are two other horses with clinical signs at time of reporting. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.
On 26 February 2019, RESPE reported an outbreak of EI on a Thoroughbred training premises in Oise. There are a total of 10 cases confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs. All are vaccinated and two horses showed clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are a further two in-contacts.
Equine Herpes Virus-1 (EHV-1) Abortion
On 23 February 2019, Rossdales confirmed an outbreak of EHV-1 abortion on a premises in Monmouthshire. There were two Warmblood mares that both aborted on 22 February, aged 10 and 16-years-old. There is one other in-contact brood mare. There are a further 12 horses on the premises including some young stock that are reported to have had respiratory signs. All horses on the premises are unvaccinated. Positive diagnoses were confirmed on gross post-mortem and PCR, also confirmed by histopathology.
International Collating Centre