Interim ICC Report – March 2019 #02 (05.03.19)
Interim ICC Report – March 2019 #02 (05.03.19) – Interim Report from Germany on EHV-1 Neurological Disease, UK on Equine Influenza and Netherlands on Equine Influenza
Equine Herpes Virus-1 (EHV-1) Neurological Disease
On 5 March 2019, Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich confirmed a further outbreak of EHV-1 neurological disease (two previous outbreaks reported by interim ICC Feb 19 #04) in the Amberg/Sulzbach-Rosenberg area in eastern Bavaria close to the Czech border. The outbreak is in a riding/boarding facility with a mixed horse population, predominated by Warmbloods. On the yard there are five barn units with only one barn affected. Three horses were euthanased due to quadriplegia/hind limb paralysis. Two were transported to a state diagnostic laboratory and are awaiting post-mortem to confirm EHV-1 diagnoses. Fifteen horses out of 25 have clinical signs of pyrexia. An additional three have ataxia. Nasal swabs and EDTA blood samples have been submitted to the state diagnostic laboratory for testing. The facility is under voluntary isolation.
On 4 March 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Suffolk. The laboratory confirmed case is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred, recently imported from Ireland. It presented with coughing, nasal discharge, pyrexia and inappetence. The positive diagnosis was made by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. There are 14 in-contacts with varying vaccination status and four of these have had mild signs of coughing.
In February 2019, there have been at least 20 confirmed EI cases in the Netherlands since mid-December. The samples have been characterised by the OIE Reference Laboratory at the Irish Equine Centre as belonging to FC1. Cases have been in both vaccinated and unvaccinated horses, with numbers affected per outbreak unreported.
International Collating Centre