Equine Flu July 2019

Outbreaks

216. Greater Manchester
On 30 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Greater Manchester. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that presented with coughing, inappetence, lethargy, nasal discharge and pyrexia. The likely source of the infection is not confirmed but horses have been offsite in the last few weeks. There are around 70 in contacts. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs.

215. Gloucestershire
On 30 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Gloucestershire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that presented with coughing, lymphadenopathy and nasal discharge. The horse was one of two new arrivals and presented with signs the day after arrival. The other new arrival also has since developed signs and laboratory results are pending. There are four vaccinated in contacts that have no clinical signs to date and are being closely monitored. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

214. Warwickshire
On 29 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Warwickshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is a vaccinated Thoroughbred that had clinical signs of lethargy, inappetence and pyrexia. Three other unvaccinated in contacts have also had similar clinical signs and there are around 30 other in contacts. The likely source of the infection is not known although the premises has received new arrivals in the preceding few weeks. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

213. Warwickshire
On 24 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Warwickshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had clinical signs of coughing, conjunctivitis, nasal discharge and pyrexia. It is reported that two other unvaccinated in contacts have also had clinical signs. There are a further 12 in contacts, of which the majority are vaccinated. The likely source of the infection is not confirmed but there had been a new arrival on the premises in the preceding few weeks. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

212. Shropshire
On 23 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Shropshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had clinical signs of coughing and pyrexia. There are nine in contacts. The likely source of the infection is not confirmed but there had been new arrivals on the premises in the preceding few weeks. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

211. County Durham
On 23 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in County Durham. The laboratory confirmed positive was an unvaccinated two-month-old donkey that presented on 9 July 2019 with coughing, pyrexia, inappetence, lethargy and an increased respiratory rate. A nasopharyngeal swab was taken on 12 July 2019, confirming that the case was positive for EI. The foal died as a result of the infection. The likely source of the infection is not confirmed but there are premises in the vicinity and horse movements on and off this premises. There are 35 other horses on this premises of mixed vaccination status and there have been reports of coughing amongst the group. Other foals and donkeys on the premises have since recovered from infection.

210. Scottish Borders
On 19 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in the Scottish Borders. The two laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds that had mild clinical signs of coughing and nasal discharge. It is reported that one other horse also has clinical signs and there is one in contact with no clinical signs. The likely source of the infection is not confirmed but one of the affected horses had accidental contact with horses on a neighbouring premises. The positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs.

209. Lancashire
On 18 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Lancashire. The one laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. It is reported that two other horses among approximately 15 horses on the premises have had clinical signs. The likely source of the infection is not known but the majority of horses on the premises are unvaccinated and some animals are believed to have recently attended local events. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

208. Gwent
On 17 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Gwent, south Wales. The one laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had clinical signs of coughing and lymph node enlargement. It is reported that the one other horse on the premise has demonstrated similar clinical signs. The likely source of the infection is through direct contact with a group of horses in the next door field that had been noted coughing, but have not been investigated as to the underlying cause. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

207. East Yorkshire
On 16 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in East Yorkshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of coughing and nasal discharge. There are 20 in contacts. The affected premises is located geographically close to another outbreak of EI. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

206. North Yorkshire
On 16 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI at an event in North Yorkshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are reports of several other clinically affected horses at the event and the large majority are unvaccinated. Around 40 horses are thought to have attended the event. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

205. West Yorkshire
On 15 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in West Yorkshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that presented with coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are five other horses with clinical signs. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

204. Vale of Glamorgan
On 15 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Vale of Glamorgan. The two laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds that presented with coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are seven in contacts and all have clinical signs. The likely source of the infection is unconfirmed but there has been no movement on or off the premises. Positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs.

203. County Durham
On 15 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in County Durham. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that presented with coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are 14 in contacts and the majority are vaccinated. There are two other unvaccinated horses with clinical signs on the premises and one of these was a new arrival that presented with clinical signs the day of arrival and is the likely source of infection. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

202. East Yorkshire
On 12 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in East Yorkshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that presented with coughing, nasal discharge and conjunctivitis. There are 60 in contacts with mixed vaccination status and reportedly there are five other horses with clinical signs. The source of the infection is unknown but surrounding premises in the vicinity have had similar clinical signs. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

201. Pembrokeshire
On 11 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Pembrokeshire. The two laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds that presented with coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are two other horses displaying clinical signs, with a further five in contact. Positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs.

200. Lancashire
On 11 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Lancashire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds that presented with conjunctivitis, lethargy and nasal discharge. There are 30 in contacts and the majority are vaccinated and there are no further horses with clinical signs currently. The source of the infection is unknown but the premises has received a new arrival in the preceding few weeks. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

199. Swansea
On 11 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Swansea. The two laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds that presented with coughing and nasal discharge. There are 13 direct in contacts and the majority have clinical signs including mares with older foals at foot. The source of the infection is unknown but the main risk for this premises is the majority of horses being unvaccinated. Positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs.

198. West Yorkshire
On 10 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in West Yorkshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is a non-Thoroughbred with an unconfirmed vaccination status that presented with coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. Several other horses were reported to be showing clinical signs and in contact number was unknown. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

197. Bridgend
On 11 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Bridgend. The three laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds that presented with coughing, inappetence, lethargy, nasal discharge and pyrexia. Two of the three had severe respiratory signs and have required additional treatment, including antibiotics. There are around seven horses displaying clinical signs, with a further eight in contact and most are unvaccinated. The source of the infection is unknown but the main risk for this premises is the majority of horses being unvaccinated. Positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs.

196. West Midlands
On 10 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in West Midlands. The laboratory confirmed positive is a non-Thoroughbred with an unconfirmed vaccination status that presented with coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. No other horses are reported to be showing clinical signs. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

195. Denbighshire
On 10 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Denbighshire. The two laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds with signs of coughing and nasal discharge. One of the two is also inappetent, very lethargic and has a very high temperature. Other horses on the premises attended an equine event in the region that has been linked to multiple other outbreaks of EI. There are over 100 in-contacts and most are unvaccinated and also showing varying clinical signs. The positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs.

194. Swansea
On 10 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Swansea. The two laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds that were noted by their carer to be inappetent and pyrexic. They had no direct in contacts from their premises and were immediately isolated, with a veterinary exam requested and a fast diagnosis made. The premises has around 20 horses and the majority are vaccinated and there are no further horses with clinical signs to date. The source of the infection is unknown but there are multiple other horses in the vicinity on neighbouring premises. Positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs.

193. Swansea
On 10 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Swansea. The laboratory confirmed positive is a five-week old foal born to an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred. It was first noted to have clinical signs two weeks prior to confirmation of infection. It is currently receiving treatment for pneumonia and is gradually improving. The dam has also had clinical signs of coughing and nasal discharge. They are both in isolation with no direct in contacts. The source of the infection is unknown but there are multiple other horses in the vicinity on neighbouring premises that have reported to have been coughing. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

192. Essex
On 8 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Essex. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with clinical signs of conjunctivitis, coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are 10 in contacts and all have clinical signs. Horses have been off site in the preceding few weeks and there has been a new arrival. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

191. Kent
On 8 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Kent. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred. There are 12 direct vaccinated in contacts and all are clinically normal to date. The horses are on a premises with numerous horses in the vicinity. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

190. Suffolk
On 8 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Suffolk. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. This horse was a new arrival from Portugal and presented with clinical signs a few days after arrival on the receiving premises. The horse travelled with multiple other horses and had multiple stops during transit. The transporter has been made aware of the case. The receiving premises has one other lapsed vaccinated non-Thoroughbred that has no clinical signs to date. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

189. Gwynedd
On 5 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Gwynedd. The two laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds with signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. One of the two attended an equine event in the region a few days prior to the development of clinical signs. There are no in-contacts. The positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab.

188. Anglesey
On 5 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Anglesey. The three laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds with signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. Two of these positives attended an equine event in the region a few days prior to the development of clinical signs. There are eight in-contacts. The positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab.

187. Morayshire
On 5 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Morayshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. This confirmed positive is one of two unvaccinated horses on a premises and both developed clinical signs following the arrival of a new horse from Doncaster. This new arrival developed clinical signs during transit, after a stopover along the route and is also unvaccinated. There are 12 vaccinated horses on the premises that have been temperature monitored and have no clinical signs to date. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

186. Sussex
On 4 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Sussex. Further details of the outbreak have not currently available. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

185. Derbyshire
On 4 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Derbyshire. The two laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds with signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There is one in contact that has no clinical signs. The positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab.

184. Monmouthshire
On 4 July 2019, AHT confirmed EI on a premises in Monmouthshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is a vaccinated non-Thoroughbred with no clinical signs of respiratory disease. The result was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab that was taken prior to moving the horse to a new premises. This case demonstrates the benefits of pre-movement testing for the detection of subclinical EI. This horse and three vaccinated in contacts have had no clinical signs of infection and will continue to be closely monitored, including daily temperature monitoring. The premises is in a region that has had a high number of EI outbreaks confirmed recently. The horse will be re-sampled in 10 days to meets the requirements of a negative sample prior to being moved.

183. Northumberland
On 4 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Northumberland. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of coughing, nasal discharge, lymph node enlargement, inappetence and lethargy. There are three direct in contacts and numerous horses in the local vicinity. The likely source of the infection is not confirmed, although the premises has had horses go off-site in the last two weeks and received new arrivals, with potential links to an event in Cumbria. Other horses in the area are reported to have had clinical signs. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab.

182. Gwynedd
On 4 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Gwynedd. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of nasal discharge. There are approximately 50 horses on the premises of mixed vaccination status. The likely source of the infection is not confirmed, although the premises has had horses go off-site in the last two weeks and received new arrivals. There are a large proportion of horses reported to have had clinical signs. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab.

181. Tyne and Wear
On 3 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Tyne and Wear. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had clinical signs of coughing, lymphadenopathy, inappetence, lethargy and pyrexia. There are three unvaccinated in contacts that are clinically normal to date. The likely source of the infection is not known although the laboratory positive has been off-site in the last week or so and the affected premises is located geographically close to where there is thought to have been an outbreak of EI. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

180. Vale of Glamorgan
On 3 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Vale of Glamorgan. The one laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of coughing and pyrexia. There are three unvaccinated direct in contacts that also have clinical signs. The premises also has eight other horses onsite, including six mares with foals at foot. These will be monitored closely. The likely source of the infection is unknown but the premises does receive new arrivals with regular movement of horses. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab.

179. Lancashire
On 3 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Lancashire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had signs of coughing and nasal discharge. Onset of clinical signs was reported to be 28 June. There are 4 other horses on the premises with mixed vaccinated status. The affected premises is located geographically close to where animals that attended a recent event in Cumbria, known to have been linked to other EI outbreaks in different parts of the country, reside. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been put in place.

178. Leicestershire
On 2 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Leicestershire. The one laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of coughing. There are a further six unvaccinated horses with clinical signs and 12 horses of mixed vaccination status that are clinically normal to date. The likely source of the infection is thought to be new arrivals that had nasal discharge and had been at an event in Cumbria, known to have been linked to other EI outbreaks in different parts of the country. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

177. Warwickshire
On 2 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Warwickshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of coughing, inappetence, lethargy, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are approximately eight other unvaccinated horses on the premises and two of these have been reported to also have clinical signs. The likely source of the infection is not confirmed, although a neighbouring premises has also reported horses with similar clinical signs. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

176. Lancashire
On 2 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Lancashire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of coughing and nasal discharge. There are approximately 20 horses on the premises of mixed vaccination status. The likely source of the infection is not confirmed, although the premises has had horses go off-site in the last two weeks and received new arrivals. There are two other horses reported to have had clinical signs. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

175. East Sussex
On 2 July 2019, AHT confirmed EI on a premises in East Sussex. The one laboratory confirmed positive is a vaccinated non-Thoroughbred that was noted with a mild nasal discharge only after swabbing. The infection was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab in in a horse that was required by the rules of their competition to be swabbed for EI before entry to the competition. Further clinical and laboratory screening of the five horses on the affected premise are being undertaken and voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

174. Leicestershire
On 2 July 2019, AHT confirmed EI on a premises in Leicestershire. The two laboratory confirmed positives are non-Thoroughbreds with no reported signs of respiratory disease that were last vaccinated in March and April 2019, respectively. The infections were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs in two animals that were required by the rules of their competition to be swabbed for EI before entry to the competition. Further clinical and laboratory screening of the 19 horses on the affected premise are being undertaken and voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

173. Norfolk
On 2 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Norfolk. The laboratory confirmed positive is a vaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of mild coughing, nasal discharge, pyrexia and lymphadenopathy when sampled. The horse had last received a vaccination a year ago. There are approximately 40 horses on the premises, including two foals and most are thought to be vaccinated. A further three have had clinical signs and the rest are being closely monitored, including taking daily temperatures. The likely source of the infection is not known although the premises has had horses go offsite in the last two weeks. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

172. West Yorkshire
On 1 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in West Yorkshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is a non-Thoroughbred with an unknown vaccination status that had clinical signs of coughing, inappetence and nasal discharge. There are 10 in contacts. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

171. Tyne and Wear
On 1 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Tyne and Wear. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had clinical signs of coughing, inappetence and pyrexia. The number of in-contacts is unknown, but no other horses are reported as affected and the likely source of the infection is not known. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

170. Newport
On 1 July 2019, Axiom confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Newport. The laboratory confirmed positive is a vaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had no clinical signs but was swabbed as a precaution as it was in contact with a horse with clinical signs of EI. Onset of clinical signs in this other horse was reported to be following contact with a new arrival that had nasal discharge and this new arrival is thought to be the likely source of the infection. There are around 30 horses on the premises with mixed vaccinated status. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been put in place.

169. Kent
On 1 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Kent. The three laboratory confirmed positives are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds that had signs of coughing and nasal discharge when sampled. Onset of clinical signs was reported to be 20 June. There are approximately 30 horses on the premises with mixed vaccinated status, of which a total of 7 have clinical signs. The likely source of the infection is not known although the premises is busy and there a multiple other premises nearby with a high movement of horses. The positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs. Voluntary movement restrictions have been put in place.

168. Roxburghshire
On 1 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Roxburghshire with five horses. The one laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. The likely source of the infection is through recent attendance at an event. Three in contacts are vaccinated and one is unvaccinated and none have clinical signs to date. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

167. Monmouthshire
On 1 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Monmouthshire with ten unvaccinated horses. The one laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with signs of coughing, nasal discharge, lethargy and pyrexia. The laboratory confirmed positive has a three-month-old foal at foot, that is also demonstrating clinical signs. The likely source of the infection is through recent attendance at an event. All other horses on the premises are reported to have since developed clinical signs. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab.

166. County Durham
On 1 July 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in County Durham with 13 unvaccinated horses. There are four laboratory confirmed positives and all are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds with signs of coughing, nasal discharge, inappetence and lethargy. There are multiple other unvaccinated horses reported to also be affected. The likely source of the infection is thought to be indirect spread. The positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.