Equine Flu May 2019

Outbreaks

101. Cheshire
On 31 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Cheshire. The affected horse is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with clinical signs of coughing and mucopurulent nasal discharge. There are several unvaccinated in contacts also reported showing clinical signs. Positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

100. Hertfordshire
On 31 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Hertfordshire. The one laboratory confirmed positive by PCR on nasopharyngeal swab is an unvaccinated Thoroughbred with clinical signs of coughing, bilateral nasal discharge, inappetance and enlarged submandibular lymph nodes. There are three unvaccinated in contact animals also reported showing clinical signs, with reports too of other clinically affected animals in the local area.

99. Sussex
On 31 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Sussex. The affected horse in an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that was a recent new arrival from Ireland and arrived with clinical signs of coughing. There are five other horses on the premises of unreported vaccination status and are being closely monitored and remain clinically normal to date. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

98. Essex
On 30 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Essex. The affected horse is a nonThoroughbred with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There is one in-contact with no clinical signs. Vaccination status for both horses is unconfirmed. Both horses have not had any direct contact with other horses but may have had indirect contact. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

97. Swansea
On 29 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Swansea. There are two laboratory confirmed positives by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs. There are a total of eight unvaccinated nonThoroughbreds demonstrating clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. The premises has around 25 horses, of mixed vaccination status. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

96. Norfolk
On 29 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Norfolk. The affected horses are unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are three laboratory confirmed positives, with one other also showing clinical signs. There is one vaccinated in contact currently not showing clinical signs. There are multiple other horses in the vicinity and there has been another confirmed flu outbreak in the area in the last two weeks. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

95. Hampshire
On 28 May 2019, Axiom confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Hampshire. The affected horse in an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that was a recent new arrival from Ireland and developed clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia shortly after arrival. There are two other horses on the premises that are vaccinated and are being closely monitored and remain clinically normal to date. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

94. Essex
On 26 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Essex. A small group of unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds that had been acquired from another premises several days previously, were demonstrating clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are two laboratory confirmed positive diagnoses by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs taken on 24 May 2019.

93. Norfolk
On 26 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Norfolk. The affected horse is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are seven other horses on the premises with unknown vaccination status and a further two direct in contact with the index case. These two are vaccinated and have not demonstrated any clinical signs to date. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

92. Norfolk
On 26 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Norfolk. The affected horse is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are multiple other horses on the premises of mixed vaccination status and there have been new arrivals in the last few weeks. There are three direct in contacts that have recently received their first influenza vaccination in their primary course and have no clinical signs to date. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

91. Lancashire
On 24 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Lancashire. The laboratory confirmed case is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are six unvaccinated direct in contacts also showing clinical signs. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. The affected horses have been isolated.

90. Kent
On 24 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Kent. There are two affected unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are five in contacts which are unvaccinated and are clinically normal to date and the two affected horses are in isolation. The positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

89. Hampshire
On 24 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Hampshire. The affected horse is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred. It had recently been transported from Ireland and a short time after arrival developed clinical signs of nasal discharge and pyrexia. It arrived with one other non-Thoroughbred that does not currently have clinical signs. Both horses have since been isolated and the transportation company has been made aware of the diagnosis. There are 35 in contacts that have all been booster vaccinated within the last six months. All are being closely monitored, including taking daily temperatures and all are clinically normal to date. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions are in place and will continue for two weeks beyond resolution of clinical signs.

88. London
On 24 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in London. There are four laboratory confirmed positives by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs. The index case was an unvaccinated nonThoroughbred that was a recent new arrival from Ireland and developed clinical signs shortly after arrival.

There are over 15 unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds demonstrating clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge. The premises has around 40 horses, of which only four are reported as vaccinated and not currently showing clinical signs and are being monitored closely. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

87. Cheshire
On 23 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Cheshire. The laboratory confirmed case is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There is one unvaccinated direct in contact also showing clinical signs. The affected horses have not had any direct or indirect contact with other horses, although the premises is in the vicinity of another confirmed EI outbreak. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

86. Central Scotland
On 21 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Central Scotland. The affected horse is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had recently been transported from Europe and a short time after arrival developed clinical signs of fever and nasal discharge. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. The horse has been isolated and voluntary movement restrictions are in place. The outbreak has epidemiological links to the confirmed outbreak in Northumberland.

85. Cheshire
On 21 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Cheshire. The laboratory confirmed positive is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There is one other with similar clinical signs and there are approximately 12 horses on the premises, the majority of which are unvaccinated. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a
nasopharyngeal swab. Increased clinical monitoring and voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

84. Northumberland
On 21 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Northumberland. There are four horses with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. One out of the four is vaccinated, the rest are unvaccinated or lapsed vaccinated and all are non-Thoroughbreds. There are a further three unvaccinated horses on the premises and there have been new arrivals on the premises in the preceding week. Voluntary movement restrictions have been implemented. Positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs. The outbreak has epidemiological links to the confirmed outbreak in Central Scotland.

83. Norfolk
On 21 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Norfolk. There are multiple unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds demonstrating clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There is one laboratory confirmed positive by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. There are 4 horses in the index group and all have clinical signs. The premises has around 30 to 50 horses and a lot of horse movement on and off the premises. There are also a further number of horses in other groups on the premises, which are also displaying clinical signs.

82. Essex
On 21 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Essex. The affected horse is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred with clinical signs of coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are no in-contacts and the affected horse has not had any direct or indirect contact with other horses, although there are multiple horses in the local area. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

81. Northamptonshire
On 20 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Northamptonshire. The affected horse is a non-Thoroughbred with an unconfirmed vaccination status. It had recently been transported from Ireland and a short time after arrival developed clinical signs of coughing and nasal discharge. There are three other horses on the premises, of which two are unvaccinated and have since developed similar clinical signs. The other in-contact is vaccinated and is clinically normal to date. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

80. Norfolk
On 20 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Norfolk. The affected horse is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had recently been transported from Ireland and arrived with nasal discharge, progressing to coughing, lethargy and pyrexia. There is one in contact which is vaccinated. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

79. Shropshire
On 17 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Shropshire. There are two laboratory confirmed positive cases and they are both unvaccinated non-Thoroughbreds. The index case had recently arrived from Ireland and the day after arrival it presented with coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. Three days after this, an in contact presented with clinical signs. There were 11 in contacts with mixed vaccination status, with a number of these also reported to be displaying clinical signs of coughing. The positive diagnoses were confirmed by PCR on nasopharyngeal swabs. Voluntary movement restrictions have been put in place.

78. Gloucestershire
On 17 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Gloucestershire. The affected horse is an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had recently been transported from Ireland and a short time after arrival developed clinical signs of nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are approximately 30 horses on the premises, the majority of which are vaccinated. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Increased clinical monitoring and voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

77. Gloucestershire
On 16 May 2019, Axiom confirmed a case of EI on a premises in Gloucestershire. The affected horse is a vaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had recently arrived from Ireland. It had received its second vaccine in its primary course one month ago. Two days after arrival at the premises it presented with coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There were seven vaccinated in contacts. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab.

76. Manchester
On 8 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Manchester. The affected horse in an unvaccinated non-Thoroughbred that had recently arrived from Ireland. On arrival at the premises it presented with coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There were 20 in contacts with mixed vaccination status. The unvaccinated horses have since displayed similar clinical signs, while the vaccinated horses have remained clinically well with no pyrexia. A nasopharyngeal swab taken one week after clinical signs were noted was negative for EI. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by paired serology, with a great than four-fold rise in EI antibody titre between the acute and convalescent samples.

75. Cheshire
On 8 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Cheshire. The affected horse is a non-Thoroughbred of unknown vaccination history that had recently been transported from Ireland and a short time after arrival developed clinical signs of fever, inappetance, lethargy, coughing, nasal discharge and lymphadenopathy. There are approximately 30 horses on the premises, the majority of which are vaccinated. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Increased clinical monitoring and voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.

74. Yorkshire
On 2 May 2019, AHT confirmed an outbreak of EI on a premises in Yorkshire. The affected horse was a non-Thoroughbred that had only received a first vaccination in its primary course in the preceding few weeks. It was a recent new arrival and presented the day of arrival with coughing, nasal discharge and pyrexia. There are 10 vaccinated in contacts. The positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR on a nasopharyngeal swab. Voluntary movement restrictions have been instigated.